Feeding Your Eggs: Nutrients That Can Improve Your Egg Quality
What is a healthy oocyte?
Good oocyte quality means that the oocyte (or ovum) is healthy and has a good chance of developing normally and being fertilized by a sperm. Oocyte quality criteria include:
- Normal chromosome number: A healthy oocyte normally has 23 chromosomes, which is important for the formation of a viable embryo.
- Normal morphological appearance: the oocyte must have a normal shape and structure to be fertilized correctly.
- Ability to develop normally after fertilization: once fertilized, the oocyte must be able to develop normally to give rise to a viable embryo.
What can affect egg quality?
How to preserve it?
- Folic Acid (Vitamin B9): This vitamin is important for normal cell division and may help prevent chromosomal abnormalities.
- Antioxidants: Antioxidants, such as vitamin C and astaxanthin, can help protect the oocytes damage caused by free radicals.
- Omega-3: Omega-3 fatty acids can help regulate hormones and support ovarian health.
- Iron: This mineral is important for the production of red blood cells and can help prevent anemia, which can affect the quality of oocytes .
- Vitamin B6: Vitamin B6 can help regulate hormones and support ovarian health.
- Zinc: Zinc is important for sperm production and may also support ovarian health. It may also help prevent chromosomal abnormalities and support normal cell division.
Scientifically proven benefits
A 2014 study published in "The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry" examined the effect of antioxidants on the quality of oocytes in rats. The results showed that antioxidants could improve oocyte quality.
A 2015 study published in "Fertility and Sterility" looked at the effect of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), a type of omega-3, on the quality of oocytes in women with infertility. The results showed that DHA supplementation could improve oocyte quality in these women .